Archive for the ‘Sabah’ Category


Sabah is currently facing a constitutional crisis, the state now has two chief ministers.

In the May 9th Sabah state polls, Sabah BN won 29 seats while Warisan, which has working ties with Pakatan Harapan, also secured 29 seats. Two other state seats were won by Parti Solidariti Tanah Airku led by Datuk Dr Jeffry Kitingan.

On May 10th, Musa was sworn-in as the chief minister before the TYT after securing a 31-majority following Parti Solidariti Tanah Airku’s decision to form an alliance with Sabah BN.

On May 12th, Shafie was sworn in as the chief minister after six assemblymen from Musa-led government declared their support to the Warisan’s Shafie Apdal to take over the government.

Both Musa and Shafie have introduced their cabinet line-up after being sworn as chief minister.

Today the 17th of May, Sabah Barisan Nasional (BN) chairman Musa Aman filed a writ of summons in the High Court seeking a declaration that he is and remains the lawful Sabah Chief Minister.

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The writ was filed through Messrs F.T. Ahmad and Co, which is acting for Musa.

Musa named Yang di-Pertua Negeri Tun Juhar Mahiruddin as the first respondent and Parti Warisan Sabah (Warisan) president Datuk Seri Mohd Shafie Apdal as the second respondent.

Lawyer Tengku Fuad Tengku Ahmad, in a statement, said Musa was seeking a declaration, among others, that he is and remains the lawful Chief Minister and that the purported swearing in of Shafie as a second Chief Minister by the state of head was unconstitutional.

“The writ also seeks a declaration that any and all acts by Shafie whilst purporting to be the Chief Minister are also null and void and of no effect.

The court fixed June 19 to hear the suit before Justice Ravinthran Paramaguru.

Now the question is: does the TYT have the power to revoke Chief Minister Musa Aman’s appointment, sworn in lawfully, in the presence of the the Chief Judge of Sabah and Sarawak, Tan Sri Richard Malanjum?

According to retired federal court judge Gopal Sri Ram, the head of state could not revoke Musa’s appointment even if Shafie now showed he had the majority support.

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This is the full list of Sabah Parliamentary and State candidates for the May 9th polls  #GE14

P.167 – KUDAT

Sh Azman Bin Sh Along (WARISAN)
Mohd Ashraf Chin Abdullah (PPRS)
Abdul Rahim Bin Bakri (BN) *

DUN

N.01 – BANGGI

Kusugan Bin Ali (PPRS)
Abd Mijul Bin Unaini (BN) *
Abidula Bin Amsana (HR)
Mohammad Bin Mohamarin (WARISAN)
Norlaji Bin Amir Hassan (STAR)
Abdul Nasir Bin Jamaluddin (PKS)

Sharif Azman Sh. Ahlong, Maklin Masiau, Chong Chen Bin and Mohammad Mohamarin, the Warisan Sabah candidates in Kudat.

N.02 – TANJONG KAPOR

Tsen Chou Yin@Thomas Tsen Chau Yin (PCS)
Chong Chen Bin (WARISAN)
Teo Chee Kang (BN) *
Allaidly Binti Poyon (PPRS)
Aliasgar Bin Omolong (PAS)

PAUL PORODONG

N.03 – PITAS

Bolkiah Bin Ismail (BN) *
Dausieh Binti Queck @ Paraman (PAS)
Pransol Tiying (ANAKNEGERI)
Bakir Bin Mancaing (HR)
Ramlah Binti Nasir (PKS)
Maklin Bin Masiau (WARISAN)

P.168 – KOTA MARUDU

Paul Bin Porodong (PCS)
Maijol Bin Mahap (HR)
Barlus Bin Mangabis (WARISAN)
Johnity @ Maximus Bin Ongkili (BN) *

Maximus Ongkili, the BN incumbent for Kota Marudu waves to the crowd as he heads to the Nomination Centre.

DUN

N.04 – MATUNGGONG

Marunsai Bin Dawai (STAR)
Sazalye Donol Bin Abdullah (PKR)
Julita Mojungki (BN)
Jornah Binti Mozihim (PCS)
Rahim Bin Madhakong (PKS)

N.05 – TANDEK

Johnson Bin Assan @ Johnson Gaban (PCS)
Baintin Bin Adun (WARISAN)
Lasiah Baranting @ Anita (BN) *
Joel Bin Masilung (STAR)

Salleh Said with the other hopefuls vying for the Kota Belud parliament seat as well as the three State seats.

P.169 – KOTA BELUD

Laiman Bin Ikin @ Ag Laiman Kakimin (PAS)
Mohd Salleh Mohd Said (BN)
Miasin @ Aimaduddin Bin Mion (HR)
Isnaraissah Munirah Bt Majilis @ Fakharudy (WARISAN)

MUNIRAH MAJILIS

DUN

N.06 – TEMPASUK

Suwah Bin Buleh @ Bulleh (STAR)
Mustaqim Bin Aling (PAS)
Musbah Bin Jamli (BN) *
Mustapha @ Mohd Yunus Bin Sakmud (PKR)

N.07 – KADAMAIAN

Mail Bin Balinu (PCS)
Rubbin Bin Guribah (STAR)
Lukia Binti Indan (PKR)
Satail Bin Manjungkat (PAS)
Ewon Benedick (BN)

N.08 – USUKAN

Japlin Bin Akim @ Abd Hamid (BN) *
Abd Bahtrin @ Bahkrin Bin Mohd Yusof (WARISAN)
Amsor Bin Tuah (BEBAS-TRAKTOR)
Adzmin Bin Awang (PAS)

Joniston Bangkuai the BN incumbent for Kiulu as well as other BN candidates in the Tuaran parliamentary seat march with their supporters to the Nomination Centre.

P.170 – TUARAN

Madius Bin Tangau (BN) *
Chrisnadia Binti Sinam (PKR)
Syra Peter @ P Gom (HR)
Kalakau @ Kalakan Bin Untol (PCS)
Paumin @ Md Aminuddin Bin Aling (PAS)

JO-ANNA RAMPAS

DUN

N.09 – TAMPARULI

Jahid @ Noordin Bin Jahim (BN)
Dausil Bin Kundayong (PKR)
Mojilip Bin Bumburing @ Wilfred (PCS)
Samin @ Jasmin Bin Dulin (STAR)

N.10 – SULAMAN

Hajiji Bin Haji Noor (BN) *
Abdullah Sani Bin Daud (WARISAN)
Arifin Bin Harith (HR)

N.11 – KIULU

Joniston Bin Lumai @ Bangkuai (BN) *
Gaibin Bin Ransoi (PCS)
Jo-Anna Sue Henley Rampas (WARISAN)
Terence Sinti (STAR)

Rahman Dahlan has switched from Kota Belud to contest in Sepanggar.

P.171 – SEPANGGAR

Jeffrey Kumin (SAPP)
Robert Sopining (PCS)
Abd Rahman Bin Dahlan (BN)
Mohd Azis Bin Jamman (WARISAN)

Warisan’s Azis Jamman, centre, who will be up against Rahman Dahlan in Sepanggar, and Azhar Matussin, right, who is the Karambunai candidate.

DUN

KENNY CHUA

N.12 – KARAMBUNAI

Azhar Bin Matussin (WARISAN)
Aspar Bin Oyet@ Akbar (PAS)
Jainab Binti Ahmad (BN) *
Ahsim Bin Oyok Bin Jamat (SAPP)

N.13 – INANAM

Jakariah Bin Janit (PKS)
Goh Chin Lok @ Johnny Goh (BN)
Situl Bin Mintow (BEBAS-KUNCI)
Terence Tsen Kim Fatt (ANAKNEGERI)
Kenny Chua Teck Ho (PKR)
John Stephen Dionysius (SAPP)

DAP Sabah secretary Chan Foong Hin, centre, with Phoong Jin Zhe and Tan Lee Fatt, the DAP candidates for Luyang and Likas respectively. Chan is contesting the Kota Kinabalu parliament seat.

P.172 – KOTA KINABALU

Lee Han Kyun @ Joseph Lee (BN)
Yong Teck Lee (SAPP)
Chan Foong Hin (DAP)

DUN

Richard Yong, Lim Kat Chung, Gee Tien Siong and Yong Teck Lee – the SAPP candidates.

N.14 – LIKAS

Tan Lee Fatt (DAP)
Chin Shu Ying (BN)
Yong We Kong (SAPP)

JOSEPH LEE

N.15 – API-API

Chan Chee Ching (BEBAS-PEN)
Yee Moh Chai (BN)
Len Lip Fong @ Land Lip Fong (ANAKNEGERI)
Liew Chin Jin (PKR) *
Lim Kat Chung (SAPP)

N.16 – LUYANG

Gee Tien Siong (SAPP)
Phoong Jin Zhe (DAP)
Pamela Yong (BN)

P.173 – PUTATAN

Jivol @ Edmund Bin Doudilim (HR)
Zulzaim Hilmee Bin Abidin (PAS)
Awang Husaini Bin Sahari (PKR)
Mil Kusin Bin Abdillah (ANAKNEGERI)
Makin @ Marcus Majigoh (BN) *

Parti Warisan vice president Junz Wong, with dark glasses, is contesting the Tanjung Aru state seat.

DUN

N.17 – TANJONG ARU

Noraiza Binti Mohammad Noor (HARAPAN)
Chong Wei Leung (ANAK NEGERI)
Yong Oui Fah (BN) *
Hamid Bin Ismail (PAS)
Wong Hong Jun (WARISAN)

N.18 – PETAGAS

Yahyah @ Yahya Bin Hussin @ Ag Husin (BN) *
Ester Otion (HARAPAN)
Uda Bin Sulai (WARISAN)

JENIFER LASIMBANG

P.174 – PENAMPANG

Ignatius Dorell Leiking (WARISAN)
Cleftus Stephen Spine (STAR)
Ceasar Mandela Malakun (BN)
Edwin @ Jack Bosi (ANAKNEGERI)

DUN

N.19 – KAPAYAN

Goh Fah Sun (BN)
Chong Pit Fah (STAR)
Jannie Lasimbang (DAP)

Jannie Lasimbang and Chong Pit Fah

N.20 – MOYOG

Donald Peter Mojuntin (BN)
Jenifer Lasimbang (WARISAN)
Bandasan @ Dionisius Dennis J Tunding (PCS)
Danim @ Aloysius Bin Siap (STAR)

P.175 – PAPAR

Elbert Bin Sikuil (PCS)
Rosnah Binti Hj Abd Rashid Shirlin (BN) *
Jamil Bin William Core (STAR)
Ahmad Bin Hassan (WARISAN)

DUN

N.21 – KAWANG

Matlin Bin Jilon (HR)
Gulamhaidar @ Yusof Khan Bahadar (BN) *
Salleh Bin Eddris (WARISAN)
Wahid @ Harith Bin Ismail (ANAKNEGERI)

N.22 – PANTAI MANIS

Jawasing Bin Mianus @ Herman J Mianus (PCS)
Abdul Rahim Bin Ismail (BN) *
James @ Ebi Ghani (HR)
Aidi Bin Moktar (WARISAN)

Karim Bujang, the former Bongawan Umno Assemblyman is now contesting the Kimanis parliament seat where he faces the incumbent Anifah Aman.

P.176 – KIMANIS

Anifah Bin Aman @ Haniff Amman (BN) *
Karim Bin Bujang (WARISAN)
Jaafar Bin Ismail (HR)

Mohd Arifin, Anifah and Mohd Alamin – the BN incumbents in Membakut, Kimanis and Bongawan respectively.

DUN

N.23 – BONGAWAN

Mohamad Bin Alamin (BN) *
Daud Bin Yusof (WARISAN)
Jaafar Bin Ismail (HR)

N.24 – MEMBAKUT

Mohd Arifin Bin Mohd Arif (BN) *
Ali Omar Bin Mohd Idris (HR)
Rosjelen Binti Salimat (PCS)
Haji Yahya Bin Ahmad (BEBAS-PEN)
Abd Sani Bin Marip @ Marif (WARISAN)

JOHAIR MATLANI

P.177 – BEAUFORT

Azizah Binti Mohd Dun (BN) *
Johan @ Christopher Bin Ot Ghani (PKR)
Lajim Bin Ukin (HR)

DUN

N.25 – KLIAS

Isnin Bin Aliasnih @ Liasnih (BN)
Johair Binti Mat Lani (WARISAN)
Lajim Bin Ukin (HR) *

N.26 – KUALA PENYU

Limus Bin Jury (BN) *
Nikol Tiunsu @ Herman Tiongsoh (PCS)
Dikin Bin Musah (PKR)
Jonas Bin Sungin @ Sunggim (HR)

Hafez Musa, left, and Noor Hayaty Mustapha

P.178 – SIPITANG

Yamani Hafez Bin Musa (BN)
Noor Hayaty Binti Mustapha (WARISAN)
Dayang Aezzy Binti Liman (HR)

DUN

N.27 – LUMADAN

Matbali Bin Musah (BN)
Asmat Bin Japar (HR)
Md Samlih Bin Juaisin (WARISAN)

N.28 – SINDUMIN

Yusof @ Josree Bin Yacob (WARISAN)
Sapawi Bin Amat Wasali @ Ahmad (BN)
Patrick Sadom (HR)

P.179 – RANAU

Ewon Bin Ebin (BN) *
Andau Bin Yasun @ Bruno (PCS)
Jonathan Bin Yasin (PKR)
Soudi @ Sami Bin Andang (STAR)

MASIDI MANJUN

DUN

N.29 – KUNDASANG

Jinus Bin Sodiong (PKS)
Japiril Bin Suhaimin (STAR)
Siriman @ Mohd Fazid Bin Basir (WARISAN)
Henrynus Amin (ANAKNEGERI)
Joachim Gunsalam (BN) *

N.30 – KARANAAN

Masidi Bin Manjun @ Masdi (BN) *
Juhaili Bin Sidek (ANAKNEGERI)
Aman @ Adzman Bin Manaf (HR)
Chong Peck Hing @ Chong Poh Sing (PKR)

N.31 – PAGINATAN

Julian @ Paul Bin Sidin WARISAN
Abidin Bin Madingkir (BN)
Satiol Bin Indong (PCS)
Mat Jaili Bin Samat (PPRS)
Pedderin @ Feddrin Bin Tuliang @ Tuling (STAR)

Pairin Kitingan, Sairin Karno for Liawan, walking towards the Nomination centre in Keningau. Pairin has been the incumbent for Tambunan since 1976

P.180 – KENINGAU

Jius Bin Awang (PCS)
Maimin Bin Rijan (BEBAS-KUNCI)
Daniel Bin Kinsik (BN)
Gapari Bin Katingan @ Geoffrey Kitingan (STAR)
Justin Bin Guka (BEBAS-BUKU)
Jikulin Nointin @ Anastasius (WARISAN)

JAKE NOINTIN

DUN

N.32 – TAMBUNAN

Justin Bin Alip (WARISAN)
Nestor Bin Joannes (PCS)
Gapari Bin Katingan @ Geoffrey Kitingan (STAR)
Joseph Pairin Kitingan (BN) *

JUSTIN ALIP

N.33 – BINGKOR

Jino @ Peter Bin Allion @ Alliun (BN)
Justin Bin Guka (BEBAS-BUKU)
Robert Tawik @ Nordin (STAR)
Odom @ Peter Dhoms Bin Saili @ Soili (DAP)
Uling @ Thomas Anggan (PKS)
Aisat @ Ellik Bin Igau @ Iggau (ANAKNEGERI)

N.34 – LIAWAN

Kong Fui Seng (STAR)
Hussein @ Jaimis Bin Kassim @ Madatin (PCS)
Sapin @ Sairin Bin Karano @ Karno (BN)
Rasinin Bin Koutis @ Kautis (WARISAN)

P.181 – TENOM

Rubin Bin Balang (BN)
Noorita Binti Sual (DAP)
Laimoi @ Yuslinah Binti Laikim (HR)

More than 1,000 Warisan supporters turned up in Tenom, many in their fine Murut costumes.

DUN

N.35 – MELALAP

PETER ANTHONY

Jaineh Bin Juata @ Jimmy Jawatah (STAR)
Radin Malleh (BN) *
Peter Anthony (WARISAN)
Chinly Bin Moniu @ Mah Tsen Li (PCS)
Lidos Rabih @ George Rejos (PKS)

N.36 – KEMABONG

Yahia @ Yahya Bin Raimah (HR)
Haris Bin Bolos (WARISAN)
Tay Jin Kiong @ Alfred (PCS)
Jamawi Bin Ja’afar (BN)

P.182 – PENSIANGAN

Joh Bin Jimmy @ Richard Joe Jimmy (STAR)
Raymond Bin Ahuar (PKR)
Maidin Bin Atak @ Maidin Haji Osman (PCS)
Arthur Joseph Kurup (BN)
Engah Bin Sintan @ Dahlan Bin Abdullah (BEBAS-RUMAH

DUN

N.37 – SOOK

Ellron Bin Angin (BN) *
Baritus Bin Gungkit (STAR)
Beaty Fred @ Peter Beaty (ANAKNEGERI)
Martin Tomy @ Tommy (WARISAN)

AHUAR RASAM

N.38 – NABAWAN

Bobbey Ah Fang Bin Suan (BN) *
Ahuar Bin Rasam (WARISAN)
Angin @ Nasruddin Bin Lambahan (PCS)
Apandy @ Lukan Bin Angindi (HR)

P.183 – BELURAN

Ronald Kiandee (BN) *
Salimah Binti Oyong (BEBAS-BUKU)
Toidy Luit (PCS)
Sipin Bin Kadandi (HR)
Japar Bin Zairun (WARISAN)
Lem @ Salim Bin Matin (PERPADUAN)

DUN

N.39 – SUGUT

James Bin Ratib (BN) *
Mohd Arshad Bin Abdul (PERPADUAN)
Aspah Bin Abdullah Sani (WARISAN)
Ag Osman Asibih (PKS)

N.40 – LABUK

Abdul Rahman Bin Kongkawang (BN)
Albert Thomas Enti (PKS)
Rainus Bin Awang (STAR)
James Bin Miki (PCS)
Ramsah Bin Tasim @ Ramsah Bin Tashim (WARISAN)

Musa Aman comes to file his nomination papers for Gum Gum.

P.184 – LIBARAN

Zakaria Bin Mohd Edris @ Tubau (BN)
Alfian Bin Mansyur (HR)
Irwanshah Bin Mustapa (WARISAN)

DUN

N.41 – GUM-GUM

Arunarnsin Bin Taib (WARISAN)
Joilin @ Christine Binti Bugung (PKS)
Jamaludin Bin Lamba (PPRS)
Juslie Bin Ajirol (BN)
Dahil Bin Masdik (HR)

N.42 – SUNGAI SIBUGA

Musa Bin Aman (BN) *
Osman Bin Enting (PKS)
Asmara Bin Abdul Rahman (WARISAN)

Batu Sapi will see a four-cornered fight involving VK Liew, fourth from left, the former LDP president and Sandakan MP as well as BN incumbent Linda Tsen, fourth from right.

P.185 – BATU SAPI

Tsen Thau Lin (BN) *
Liew Vui Keong (WARISAN)
Hamza Bin A. Abdullah @ Hamzah (AMANAH)
Norsah Binti Bongsu (PAS)

DUN

N.43 – SEKONG

Sahar Bin Abdul Majid (PAS)
Arifin Bin Asgali (WARISAN)
Samsudin Bin Yahya (BN) *
Abdul Rashid Bin Abdul Rahman (STAR)
Alias Rahmad Bin Benjamin (PKS)
Datu Mohd Faisal Bin Datu Bachtiyal (BEBAS-KAPALTERBANG)

N.44 – KARAMUNTING

Norsah Binti Bongsu (PAS)
Besarun Bin Kecha (STAR)
Hiew Vun Zin (WARISAN)
Lim Kai Min (BN)

DAP Sabah strongman Stephen Wong Tien Fatt is up in a straight fight with BN’s Lim Ming Hoo

P.186 – SANDAKAN

Lim Ming Hoo (BN)
Wong Tien Fatt @ Wong Nyuk Foh (DAP) *

DUN

N.45 – ELOPURA

Chan Tzun Hei (BN)
Chong Ket Kiun (DAP)

N.46 – TANJONG PAPAT

Tan Shu Kiah (BN) *
Poon Ming Fung (DAP)
Jufazli Bin Shi Ahmad (BEBAS-KUNCI)

The BN candidates for Kinabatangan.

P.187 – KINABATANGAN

Mustapa Bin Datu Tambuyong (HR)
MA Ghazali Bin Abdul Ghani (WARISAN)
Moktar Bin Radin (BN) *

NORFAIZAH CHUA

DUN

N.47 – KUAMUT

Masiung Bin Banah (BN) *
Edward Podok (PCS)
Norfaizah Chua @ Giak Kiang (WARISAN)
Jumaidin Bin Lakalla (PAS)
James Bin Ait (STAR)

N.48 – SUKAU

Muariffidin Bin Abdul Malek (HR)
Mohd Ismail Bin Ayob (WARISAN)
Saddi Bin Abdu Rahman (BN) *
Abdulgani Bin Kosui (PPRS)

The various candidates for Silam.

P.188 – SILAM

Datu Nasrun Bin Datu Mansur (BN) *
Mohamaddin Bin Ketapi (WARISAN)
Ramli Bin Pataruddin (PAS)
Siti Shazianti Binti Ajak (HR)

YUSOF APDAL

DUN

N.49 – TUNGKU

Bulangan Panasi (HR)
Abd Rahman Bin Taggoh (PKS)
Mizma Binti Appehdullah (BN)
Assaffal @ Samsul Kamal Bin P Alian (WARISAN)

N.50 – LAHAD DATU

Mohammad Yusof Bin Apdal (BN) *
Wong Yu Chin (HR)
Dumi Bin Pg. Masdal (WARISAN)

N.51 – KUNAK

Nilwan Bin Kabang (BN) *
Norazlinah Binti Arif (WARISAN)
Sahing Bin Taking (HR)
Kasman Bin Karate (PAS)

The Warisan supporters in Semporna.

P.189 – SEMPORNA

Abdul Nasir Bin Ab Raup (PAS)
Asmara Bin Asmad (HR)
Ramlee Bin Marahaban (BN)
Mohd Shafie Bin Apdal (WARISAN) *

SHAFIE APDAL

DUN

N.52 – SULABAYAN

Jaujan Bin Sambakong (WARISAN) *
Untung Bin Tanjong Baru (HR)
Harman Bin Mohamad (BN)
Abdul Nasir Bin Ab Raup (PAS)

N.53 – SENALLANG

Mohd Shafie Bin Apdal (WARISAN)
Nasir Bin Sakaran (BN) *

N.54 – BUGAYA

Mohammad Said Bin Tiblan (PPRS)
Kulli Bin Maralam (PKS)
Mahamod Bin Sarahil (PAS)
Manis Buka Binti Mohd Darah (WARISAN)
Razak Bin Sakaran Dandai (BN)
Abd Muksin Bin Mohammad Hassan (BEBAS-TRAKTOR)

Christina Liew, left, will contest the Tawau parliament seat while Jimmy Wong returns to Sri Tanjung.

P.190 – TAWAU

Yap Kain Ching @ Mary Yap Ken Jin (BN) *
Alizaman Bin Jijurahman (HR)
Mohamad Bin Husain (PAS)
Liew Chin Jin (PKR)

DUN

N.55 – BALUNG

Razali Bin Hamzah (HR)
Amboase Bin Ramano (PAS)
Osman Bin Jamal @ Jamar (BN)
Alipa Bin Jackery (USNO)
Andi Rus Diana Bt Andi Paladjareng (WARISAN)

Mary Yap, right, will be defending Tawau while Nizam Titingan is in Apas and Osman Jamal in Balung.

N.56 – APAS

Abdul Salip Bin Ejal (WARISAN)
Alizaman Bin Jijurahman (HR)
Daud Bin Jalaluddin (PAS)
Nizam Bin Abu Bakar Titingan (BN)

N.57 – SRI TANJONG

LOH SU FUI

Pang Thou Chung (HR)
Lo Su Fui (BN)
Leong Yun Fui (PKS)
Wong Sze Phin @ Jimmy (DAP)

P.191 – KALABAKAN

Ma’mun Bin Sulaiman (WARISAN)
Abdul Ghapur Bin Salleh (BN) *
Norbin Bin Aloh (PAS)
Ahmad Bin Lahama (PPRS)

DUN

SARIFUDDIN HATA

N.58 – MEROTAI

Ahmad Bin Dullah (PAS)
Lim Ting Khai (BN)
Sharatha Masyaroh binti John Ridwan Lincon (HR)
Arbaani Bin Akum (AMANAH)
Sarifuddin Bin Hata (WARISAN)
Azizul Bin Tandek (PKS)
Mohd Nasir Bin Sumadi (USNO)

N.59 – TANJONG BATU

Hamisa Binti Samat (BN) *
Usman Bin Madeaming (PAS)
Ardi Bin Arsah @ Samsi (PPRS)
Ismail Bin Senang (WARISAN)

N.60 – SEBATIK

Yusri Bin Yunus (PPRS)
Roslan Bin Ramli (PAS)
Abd Muis Bin Picho (BN) *
Hassan A Gani Pg Amir (WARISAN)

* Those marked with the asterisk are incumbents/* Mereka yang ditandai dengan asterisk adalah penyandang


MUSA AMAN / ROADSHOW YAYASAN SABAH BERSAMA RAKYAT

The state government’s move to introduce communal grants is to ensure land stays in families and is passed down the generations.

About 9,000 hectares of land for communal grants has been approved so far.

Sabah Chief Minister Musa Aman says communal grants given by the state government to the people cannot be abolished.

He said the names stated on the grants were those of selected hardcore poor household heads.

“We (the state government) gave the communal grants to enable the people to own land which could be handed down to their children and grandchildren… the land can be developed for anything.

“So when the Warisan party president said he would abolish the communal grants, why? To give to other people? Communal grants have the names of the people on them… the land cannot be sold,” he said when handing over communal grants and subsidy aid for senior citizens here yesterday.

Earlier, state Land and Survey Department director Safar Untong said 19 communal grants were handed to village chiefs representing 1,136 selected household heads from 37 villages.

During the function, Musa presented subsidy aid of RM2,000 each to 10 senior citizens to cover part of the cost for the sub-division of their land by a licensed surveyor.


 


It’s the grand dance of democracy in Sabah, state and parliament elections are due in less than 30 days. I am in the midst of massive electoral environment in the state. As a strategist & analyst, I can foresee a clear & spectacular win for BN Sabah all over again. Tan Sri Musa Aman is all set to win 50+ state seats to form the government for the 15th year in succession. An unprecedented win for any state leader, anywhere in Malaysia.

What is quite startling for me as an analyst is almost zero anti-incumbency for an incumbent government, even after being 15 years as Chief Minister since 2003. It’s very rare scene in the contemporary political ecosystem. The credit certainly must be given to the Chief Minister of Sabah Tan Sri Musa Aman. He deserves it the most. It’s evident from my random interactions with common people cut across many sections, that there is a great respect for Musa Aman.

I see a visible glee in the faces of people, when they speak about their leader who they consider their very own. It’s amazing that an elected leader of a state can find a place in the hearts and minds of people for such a long duration, in the days where the anti-incumbency seems an ‘every 5 year affair’ across the country and ‘loyalty’ is almost a misnomer.

Despite all the media stories on GST negative impact on trader community and Shafie Apdal’s anti Musa crusade leading to a possible nail biting finish in Sabah, the ground reality looks quite different. Shafie Apdal including all the other bickering opposition parties seems to have lost the battle against Musa Aman even before they waged it, with Shafie’s organization split vertically with his politically naïve move to partner with Dr Mahathir and not working with local opposition, just ahead of elections. If a leader has initiated a movement for an objective, how can he surrender without any clear and executable assurance to a political party and become Tun Dr Mahathir’s puppet? Is the question being posed by many Sabahans. There is a growing trust deficit in his followers over his recent political moves.

GST woes are temporary & they are symptomatic teething problems of the largest indirect tax reform enforced by a reformist Prime Minister. It did pinch the massive unorganized sector & small traders across the state, they surely were angry. However, when the rational thinking kicked in preparation for casting their vote, they seem to have clearly understood the odds and outcomes of voting against the government.

Many traders still have the memories of kidnappings and Abu Sayaff , but since 2017 no kidnappings in the Eastern Sabah security Zone (Esszone) which covers 1400 km of the east coast from Kudat to Tawau. Hence, tourist arrival was all time high at 3.5 million and nearly RM7.25 billion was spent in Sabah. Traders are laughing all the way to the banks. They are not willing to lose the peace and tranquility they enjoy currently in the business ecosystem of the state for temporary pinch point like GST. Traders I spoke to are reconciling and seem to have realized that GST is an irreversible tax reform and they need to get to terms with it & move on & move on they have. After its introduction since 2015, it’s slowly but surely dawning onto them that GST is for the larger good of the nation and to boost the economic activity, which will impact them positively in future.

They also understand their businesses now get many financial and funding benefits for being registered and tax paying. They seem to understand voting for the opposition would destroy the peaceful business environment which currently exist across the state, with highly capable law and order machinery under the BN rule. They are not willing to forgo this peace and tranquility in the state at any cost.

Many openly stated that the law and order is so exemplary in the state that young women in their families have nothing to fear going out even in the middle of the night. Sabahans have no major issue with BN government. Few sections of the community which supported the opposition are reviewing their decision. The unprecedented growth rate of over 6.1% which was is the highest in Malaysia has positively impacted Sabahans more than anyone else. The rapid growth of urban trade & ecotourism business across the state also has positively impacted this close-knit community leading to massive wealth and employment creation.

The emotional surge of Sabahans for restoring Sabah rights in the Malaysia Agreement 1963 and the significant progress made by Sabah State government with the Federal Government has made many opposition sections support Musa; however, in retrospect all these sections seem to be realizing the danger of having a weak government in the state under an Opposition, and its colossal damage to their community and the entire state.  The word opposition seems to only bring back bad memories to the people of Sabah.  I am quite surprised at the contempt most people I spoke to, have shown to this Shafie’s Party Warisan.. They don’t even imagine Sabah to be ever ruled by opposition again, such is the gross distaste for opposition parties in the state.

Musa Aman in his more than a decade rule, to be exact 15 years, has made historic progress in the state and it has impacted the lives of every single individual and every section of population. He did not make empty promises, declare popular welfare schemes or doled out freebies. He has bettered the living standards of common people by investing massively into rural and urban infrastructure, delivered transparent and good governance with easy and undeterred access to the citizens. He has increased Per Capita GDP from RM11,000 to RM20,000, he has increased household income from RM3,745 to RM4,1100, he has reduced hardcore poor from 25 per cent to 5 per cent from 2005 to 2016.

He has ensured the bare civic and economic necessities like drinking and irrigation water, electricity to households, homes and industries, public transport and public finance are delivered at the lowest cost ever. His vision has turned Sabah into a model economy which thrives with large scale enterprise and vibrant inclusive growth.

It might sound like I wrote a eulogy for Musa Aman, but this is the first-hand feedback and dispassionate inputs from the regular people on the streets. Everyone in the state seem to acknowledge and realise that quantifiable development has occurred under Musa Aman regime and the BN Sabah rule. Above that, they are also fully aware of every aspect of where this progress has been made in comparison with erstwhile opposition rule.

Most of those I spoke to, speak of opposition misgovernance and lack of competence to run a state like Sabah, as if they had ruled the state in the last term. Such are the memories from opposition rule. Musa Aman’s master political strategy also ensured that Sabahans never forget the disastrous rule during opposition time. BN Sabah not just communicates the successful governance delivery of its government, it also seems to ensure opposition model of misgovernance remains constantly in the minds of voters.

Opposition stands no chance in Sabah. As I see, it will lose the election with very huge margin and end up losing more than 20 per cent of its existing assembly seats. The electoral outcomes of Sabah will be a death-knell to Shafie Apdal and the all the other opposition parties. Sabah election results will destroy all and any possibility of Party Warisan rising in the near future.

There’s simply no escape from accountability this time around for Shafie Apdal and the combine opposition. BN Sabah win will be a decisive one. It will once again prove that in a democracy, if a party can deliver on its promises to its people and sincerely serve them to impact their everyday lives positively, the voters will ensure repeat victories.  Musa Aman will set an unprecedented national record for being the only leader from Borneo State to be reelected 4 times in a row , for UMNO, since 2003. In my field level electoral analysis, I foresee BN Sabah winning about 50 state seats.

NB: Today 8/4/2018, this piece came out in the Daily Express Sabah


I picked up this short video from my WhatsApp group. Seen here in this video is Tan Sri  Musa Aman addressing a ceramah in Sandakan. In this video Musa has made it very clear that Shafie Apdal has a history of incompetence. Scary. If this is the case, wonder how Shafie Apdal will govern Sabah if his Party Warisan takes over after GE14? A leopard never changes its spots, so it would be expecting too much from Shafie! From this we can come to a conclusion that whoever comes in as Musa’s successor will find it hard to fill in his shoes.

Here goes….

 


The Sabah government is committed to ensuring continuous political stability, economic development and social progress in the state, Chief Minister Musa Aman said.

Musa said efforts would also be made to ensure the people continuously benefit from programmes to improve their living standard, as well as maintain harmony and stability in the state.

“Therefore, any action that can have a negative effect on unity and stability should be avoided to enable us to achieve our aspiration, improve the socio-economic standard and focus on efforts to bring more progress to the state,” he said.

Musa said this in his speech at an Ang Pow Festival dinner organised by the Federation of Chinese Associations Sabah (FCAS) in conjunction with the Chinese New Year celebration in Kota Kinabalu last night.

At the event, Musa also announced an allocation of RM50,000 to FCAS.

Musa said the state government had never neglected any faction of the society in its implementation of development programmes, but strived for the benefit of all quarters, regardless of religion or ethnic, as evident with the huge allocation provided for non-Islamic schools and houses of worship.

He said the state government had allocated about RM300 million for non-Islamic schools and houses of worship in Sabah since 10 years ago.

“When I was appointed chief minister, the allocation for non-Islamic schools and houses of worship was only RM1.5 million then. I felt the amount was not enough and I increased the allocation to RM30 million a year,” he said.

As such, he urged the Chinese community in Sabah to continue to support and help the government in efforts to further develop the state.

– Bernama


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Sabah Chief Minister Tan Sri Musa Aman said the state government in no uncertain terms reject any claim by the Philippines on the state.

“I have made our stand on this matter before. Let me once again clearly state that we do not recognise or acknowledge any claim by the Philippines or any other country on Sabah,” Musa said.

He was responding to remarks made by a member of the Philippines Consultative Committee, Aquilino Pimentel Jr, which was reported in the media recently.

It was reported that Pimentel, who was appointed to review the 1987 Constitution, said he would propose the inclusion of Sabah in the Philippines as part of the country’s shift to a federal system of government.

He said Sabah is part of Malaysia and has chosen to be and would continue to be a part of the sovereign nation since the state became party to its formation.

”The people in Sabah choose to be in the state because it is in Malaysia. We have been enjoying peace, stability and economic prosperity within Malaysia,” Musa said in a statement today.

Earlier, Malaysia rejected the proposal by a member of a Filipino government committee to amend the Philippine Constitution to include Sabah as the “13th federal state” of the Philippines.

“Malaysia is aware of remarks made by Mr Aquilino Pimentel Jr, a member of the Philippines’ Consultative Committee, which appeared in the media on the claim on Sabah recently,” said Malaysian Foreign Minister Anifah Aman in a press statement.

“The Government of Malaysia reiterates its position that Malaysia does not recognise and will not entertain any claims by any party on Sabah. Sabah is recognised by the United Nations and the international community as part of Malaysia since the formation of the Federation on 16 September 1963,” said Anifah.

“Therefore, statements such as these will only expose the ignorance of history and international law of those who make them, as well as potentially harming the excellent bilateral relations which Malaysia and the Philippines currently enjoy,” Anifah added.

Aquilino Pimentel Jr is a member of a 25-member government consultative committee tasked with reviewing and proposing amendments to the Philippines 1987 Constitution. A key proposal is switching to a system of federal government from its current model where power is centralised.

“There should be a way that is acceptable under international laws to assert our claim to Sabah,” Pimentel, a former senator, told local ABS-CBN News network in an interview on Tuesday.

Pimentel’s proposal for the new federal government includes 12 federal states – Northern Luzon, Central Luzon, Southern Luzon, Bicol, Eastern Visayas, Central Visayas, Western Visayas, Minparom, Northern Mindanao, Southern Mindanao, Bangsamoro, Metro Manila.

He reportedly said the government can add Sabah as the 13th federal state later on.

In 2013, some 200 men from the southern Philippines landed in Sabah and battled Malaysian security forces for more than a month in a bid to stake an ancient claim of the territory for the Sultanate of Sulu.

Scores died in the fighting. At least two Malaysian police officers were beheaded by the invaders.

Sabah on Borneo island joined Malaya, Sarawak and Singapore to form Malaysia in 1963.


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THE Sabah government wants the state to be on a par with Singapore and Dubai through the implementation of transformation programmes, including the Tanjung Aru Eco Development (TAED). Chief Minister Musa Aman said TAED would beautify and further transform the image of Kota Kinabalu as the state capital, through the construction of world-class hotels and various facilities.

TAED is a mega-project implemented and supervised by Tanjung Aru Eco Development Sdn Bhd, which is wholly owned by the state government. It is expected to be completed next year.

Musa said the federal government provided support for the project’s development, giving an allocation of RM500 million.

“I have big plans. I want Sabah to be on a par with Singapore and Dubai,” he said at the opening ceremony of SMK Bandau in Kota Marudu today.

The event was officiated by Prime Minister Najib Razak. Present were Education Minister Mahdzir Khalid and state education director Maimunah Suhaibul.

Musa said the Sabah International Convention Centre, expected to be completed by the end of the year, would lead to more tourism activities in the state, and boost development.

On education, he said the state government was focused on ensuring the development of more efficient human capital.

He thanked the federal government, especially Najib, for being concerned about the development of education in Sabah, and providing major allocations towards this end. – Bernama, January 19, 2018.

 


 


 

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We Can’t Talk About the Terrorists:
An Ethnography of Silence in the East Coast of Sabah


by Vilashini Somiah
20 December 2017

 

As an anthropologist, I see my work as necessary in gaining deeper and more insightful perspectives of how communities work and find meaning in their own existence which includes its inherent tensions and contradictions. It is an employment that requires thorough, objective observation, and simultaneously expects the ethical preservation of agency of those you study. And although I’ve always acknowledged the importance of studying Sabah’s suppressed narratives, it was only as an anthropologist that I found the intellectual fulfilment I so desired. It is a field that I’ve been in keen apprenticeship of for over seven years. This article highlights one of those narratives from my most recent time spent in the field.

My good friend Indah* and I were lounging on the veranda of her beautiful colonial home in Sandakan one hot April afternoon in 2016 when the conversation of alien danger began; the idea that foreigners are themselves the biggest cause of danger and malice in their host country. Although both of us were mostly unconvinced by this premise, our talk was solely inspired by the recent Abu Sayyaf sightings in Sabah waters, linked to the presence of hundreds of thousands of irregular migrants in Sabah.

Indah tells me her frustration on the matter boils down to how badly the matter is handled, which is due to the lack of trust authorities have for locals in the East coast of Sabah. “Vils” as she often calls me, “decent people live here. Real people just trying to survive. This town isn’t the danger zone but it’s been labelled one. Politicians think they’re protecting us, but we just get brushed aside. We should be involved too, you know.” I have always appreciated how Indah speaks so passionately about Sandakan. She, like many other residents I’ve met, feels deeply for the town, one that is rich in natural resources and history. I am empathetic and ask “Why can’t something be done about agency and leadership here?” Indah clicks her tongue in irritation.” No one wants to listen to the east coasters, Vils. They just think we’re sleeping with the enemy.”

Something in her tone made me believe her. In retrospect, I must have heard it on repeat from a variety of voices. My time spent conducting ethnographic fieldwork in the town had introduced me to many other participants that had in one way or the other highlighted the frustration of being politically invisible despite the active roles they take in combating possible extremism in their home. The conversations that follow were not easy to capture; not for the participants lack of eloquence, but simply due to their inability to openly trust, and thus, such frank exchanges about terrorism in Sabah are rare. It is my sincerest hope that this article is able to capture just an essence of the honesty and pride of the participants I’ve met.

 

Teaching for Safety

Teacher Mir*, a 31-year-old Sabahan of Orang Sungai descent, has dedicated almost a decade of his life to the education of undocumented children in Sandakan. Every morning before sun break, Mir has his breakfast at the church mess hall and bids his family goodbye before heading off 15 kilometres by van into the palm oil estates within the district. The journey takes much longer than it should as roads are potholed by lorries and hardly ever fixed.

Similar in vein to hundreds of learning centres throughout the east coast of Sabah, Mir’s learning centre aims to provide the most basic of elementary education for children otherwise rejected from our local schooling system. This particular learning centre hosts over 200 children and, together with Mir, are taught by 11 other teachers from the Sandakan and Kinabatangan district. One Tuesday morning sometime February this year, he invited me for an after-school tea session at the canteen. Conversations with Mir were always so engaging because he never self-censored and I appreciated that. As the discipline master, Mir has a reputation of never mincing his words and a stern demeanour. On his way over to the canteen, he waves his rotan (cane) at the children to behave but because school was over, the children run away from him, giggling.

We talked mostly about his students; sustaining children through the six years of education requires plenty of effort on the parent’s part but job losses, village raids or deportation can hinder them from ever returning the following year. Before gulping the last mouthful of cold tea, I ask how he finds the motivation to continue teaching in such unpredictable conditions. He tells me, “I teach here to fight off terrorism for Sabah”. I found his dramatic answer surprising but altogether humbling. How does teaching counter the violence from the sea, I ask. By now our jovial chatter has given way to a strange heaviness and Mir continues:

“Aku bilang sama anak-anak, jangan durang jadi pangganas. Berabis kami cikgu-cikgu mengajar di skolah, ada pulak dia mau main timbak-timbak? Bardosa bah. Pangganas jadi bagitu krana teda durang dikasi pendidikan atau paluang dalam hidup. Walaupun sikit sja pemberian kami, biar ikhlas mau kasi anak-anak ini masa depan. Tapi Puji Tuhan, segala keringat kami ada juga untungnya. Teda budak-budak kami pernah terjebak dengan racun sabagitu.” (I told the children, don’t become terrorists. The teachers here give their all to educate them and they want to go around shooting people? That’s a sin. People become terrorists because they weren’t provided education or opportunities. We can’t offer much, but at least these children now have a future. Praise God, our hard work has paid off. None of our students have ever joined such a poisonous act.)
Several of the teachers feel the same way. They see their work as an effort in countering terrorist activities in Sabah that have grown significantly present with the years. I acknowledge the importance of this view and suggest the teachers spread the word to other willing Sabahans, but they are hesitant. Mir’s 25-year-old colleague, Yasmin*, shares with me her thoughts:
“Di Sabah, paling sensitip punya isu ini lah- Abu Sayap atau ISIS. Pasal urang takut kalau-kalau durang sudah disini kah? Anak- anak di skolah mimang ndak salah, tapi mana tau kalau kawan atau kaluarga durang yang pendatang mungkin terjebak? Lagipun, kalau cakap kuat-kuat pun, nanti ditangkap krajaan bah. Jadi, diam-diam sajalah kami.” (In Sabah, the most sensitive topic is that of the Abu Sayyaf or ISIS. Perhaps people are afraid if they’re already here. The children here are innocent, but who knows if family or friends who are also irregular migrants might be involved? And if we talked about it publicly, the government might arrest us. It’s better to just keep quiet.)
Learning centres for undocumented children are constantly under the monitor of the state and will receive regular visits for an update on local problems and information on parents. This is to be expected and the teachers have always complied and given their fullest cooperation where it is ethical. Yet, Mir and his colleagues feel that no matter how they may contribute to the safety of Sabah, no one else, including himself, is brave enough to discuss the terrorist problem openly. “I want to talk about the kidnappings or Abu Sayyaf, but I don’t dare. Because we teach these children, we might be accused of knowing inside information, but I don’t. I’m frustrated because we feel we cannot discuss this openly in our own state.”
 

One Town, Two Worlds

I encountered a similar stance from Sakinul*, a 42-year-old Suluk businessman, and one of the first friends I made when I began work in Sandakan. For over 26 years, he has made a living from buying cheap fish and shellfish from the market and reselling them in estates and slums on the outer periphery of town. Communities that he frequents are that of irregular migrants, many of whom would not dare venture into town for fear of getting arrested.On a daily basis, he is assisted by his second wife, an irregular migrant from Zamboanga and although he himself is Malaysian, their four children were given foreign birth certificates and told to return to the Philippines if they ever wanted to be documented. Sakinul tells me he worked very hard to make it happen but the costs (and risks) were too high. Thus, the children continue to live with the same irregular status as their mother. Due to this predicament, they are teased by their documented neighbours for being potential terrorists and this never fails to break their father’s heart.

Sakinul is in no way an isolated case. In fact, my time in the field has introduced me to a large number of Malaysian Sabahans who have or are currently cohabiting and leading domestic lives with irregular migrants or undocumented persons. On a cultural level (despite religious practice), a town like Sandakan is able to accept such union despite knowing the repercussions. However, the legal implications have not escaped them and I find many marriages between citizens and irregular migrants often living low-key lives, in hopes of avoiding the prying eyes and directed questions of the authority. However large these numbers may be, these family units remain vulnerable to accusations of threats and state security. Yet fascinatingly, it is these very same Sabahans who seem most invested in ridding Sabah of its terrorist problems. Similar to that of teachers at learning centres, their effort to combat extremist activists is a result of their close relationships with members of the irregular migrant community.

As such, Sakinul, one of my more trusted informants, would tell me via text of activities in town that I might be interested in. In the most recent of news, an Abu Sayyaf leader and his members were captured in Kuala Lumpur and never one to hide his disgust towards terrorism, Sakinul is frank about the lack of elucidation in the news. “I personally believe the reports are not complete,” he says, “people have so many questions about them. Can you believe they were from Sandakan? I’m suspicious of this! But we have to be careful with what we say around the market, or we might look suspicious too.” “But you could open a good discussion about this.” I mentioned over the phone. Exasperatedly, he tells me:

“Apa bulih bawak barbincang oh? Kau pikir pulis mau kami bising-bisingkah? Ini Sabah style bah, kalau barang ndak bagus, jangan bukak mulut kau. Duduk diam-diam, tapuk-tapuk sampai round two. Kalau kau Suluk, berbini pandatang macam aku, kau cakap-cakap, di tangkap lagi kamu. Tapi, bila datang lagi pangganas mau putung kapala, start lagi lah – “Sabah bahayalah, kami bangsa abu sayap lah”. Urang pikir kami ni mau kah macam ni?” (What can we ever discuss? Do you think the police want us making noise? This is the Sabah style, if things aren’t good, don’t open your mouth. Sit quietly and hide till round two starts. If you are Suluk, and married to a migrant like me, and you talk openly, you will be arrested. But when the terrorists come to behead people, then the labels start again: “Sabah is dangerous, we share the same race as the Abu Sayyaf”. Do people think we like this?)
 

Deserving A Say

With Indah, Sakinul, Mir and Yasmin in mind, I must stress a respect for the counter narrative to this claim; that militant terrorism has had very little impact on the state of Sabah and will only succeed if we live in fear of the foreign ‘other’. In fact, despite recent headliners, towns throughout the east coast have done better than expected in its efforts to continue in normalcy. During my fieldwork from 2016- mid 2017, there were approximately five incidents involving terrorists in Sandakan and even with that, the chances of a local or tourist becoming a victim of terrorism was still rather slim. With its thriving ecotourism and maritime industry, Sandakan has attracted many from other districts to eke out a decent livelihood despite ongoing militant activities in the water borders. And on top of everything else, the state has repeatedly reminded Sabahans in the east coast that their safety against terrorism will continue to be a priority of the Malaysian government.

Regardless of political affiliation, many Sabahans tell me they sincerely appreciate the Malaysian government’s initiation of the ESSCOM (the Eastern Sabah Security Command) which protects the most vulnerable of areas from Kudat to Tawau. Yet, residents particularly in the east coast tend to suspend trust till the next major incident occurs, in silence. Throughout the years of researching irregular migrants in the east coast of Sabah, I’ve observed how discussing terrorism with poorer, working class local Malaysian residents reveals an array of unsaid insecurities that come across more powerless than most.

As it seems, the bigger issue to this is not why Sabah is a hotbed for terrorism but more so why there isn’t a greater collective ability to do more about it? Despite many state structures in place, and some grassroot attempts at eliminating future terrorists from emerging in Sabah, the already poor and sidelined Sabahans in the east coast lack the belief that there is an avenue to voice their concerns and anxieties openly and safely. Further exacerbating this is of course the social closeness between legitimate residents and their irregular ones, raising even more suspicion and distrust amongst security forces monitoring the ESSZONE.

From my conversations with Sabahans’ in the east coast, they see the state as dismissive and even punitive in addressing any criticism (constructive or otherwise). Even with the various state endorsed security apparatus in place, these communities still feel most at risk in the event of an attack or kidnapping. This is further exacerbated by the fact that these Sabah communities, both irregular and legitimate are never in isolation. Notwithstanding the mainstream narrative, Malaysian Sabahans particularly in the east coast have not and cannot lead a life separate nor distinctively different from that of their migrant neighbours, which makes vocalising these concerns and insecurities even harder and more dangerous.

Sabah shares with the Philippines one of the more volatile corners of the Malay Archipelago and coupled with the taboo subject of hosting approximately two million of Sabah’s irregular residents has not made solving the impending terrorist problem any easier. When public conversations are held on desires and intent for safety and security, they are usually held amongst the more privileged of us. But for thousands of non-urban, working class Sabahans living simpler lives, this freedom is imaginary and their agency is in needing to say more about their insecurities whenever and however necessary.

The first and most necessary step to figuring out the considerable human problem in Sabah is for the promotion of grassroot discussion. As long as we privilege more powerful and louder views than theirs, we dismiss ideas, knowledges and experiences from Sabahans like Mir and Sakinul that can and will assist in combating a slew of other neglected social issues including that of violent extremism.
*Names have been altered as per requested by participants.

 

Vilashini Somiah is a scholar, writer and filmmaker. Born in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, she has always had a keen interest for underrepresented narratives in Borneo and has focused a great amount of time understanding the different perspectives of these voices and their motivations.

Her Phd research is centred on issues of deportation, irregular migration and socio-political mobility surrounding the Sulu Sea.


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